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Oracle Ireland.com


The Chronology of Ireland

Irish Chronology

Page under construction.

C 7,000 BC

Evidence in County Offaly of Early human activity.

C 6100 BC

Evidence of settlers found at Newferry Co Antrim

C 4,400 BC

A huge burial mound built containing about three hundred tombs at Carrowmore Co Sligo

C 3,500 BC

First Neolithic settlements, and megalithic tombs built.

C 3,000 BC

Newgrange built in the Boyne valley.

C 2,200 BC

Elaborate funeral rituals, many bodies are adorned with gold jewellery and decorated  beakers.

C.17 50 to 500 BC

The bronze age, fine examples in bronze copper and gold

C 1,550 BC

The elaborate funeral's seem to be dying out.

C 650 BC

Golden ornaments proliferating, many made from gold imported from Spain and Europe.


Circular defensive settlement built in Co Armagh 'Emain Macha' Navan Fort

714 BC

The laws of the Fenechus (or land Tillers) Known as the Brehon Laws deriving from the word breitheamh (meaning Judge) Tradition has it that they were gathered by the high King Ollamh Fodhla

C 600 BC

The Celtic tribes invade Ireland

C 500 BC

The beginning of The Iron Age.


Ireland is mentioned under the name of Ierne in a Greek poem.

C 465 BC

Emhain Macha is chosen as the headquarters of the Ulaid tribe.

300 BC

300 The Roman cartographer Ptolemy draws a map the river Shannon.

C 100 BC

The Black Pig's Dyke a defensive structure running along the southern border of Ulster was built by the Ulaid and Cruithin.

C 50 BC

Tribes in central Ireland build massive earth wall along the Shannon, to keep our warring northern tribes



AD 60

Queen Boudica of the Icini tribe England rise in revolt against the Romans, in response to seizure of her lands and the rape of her young daughters, after significant successes, the revolt was crushed later in the year.

C AD 54

Following successes in northern Britain, the Romans consider invading Ireland believing it to have large reserves of gold

AD 120

Traffic on new Roman roads in Britain is ordered to drive on the left.

C 300

Development of the Ogham alphabet inscribed on stone.

AD 325

The Emperor Constantine decides to unify Rome under Christianity.

Ad 331

At the battle of Achadh Leithdheirg in Co Monaghan the Ulaid of Ulster were defeated.

C AD 350

The first water mill in Ireland was built at Tara in County Meath by King Cormac MacArt

Z 400 AD

St Declan a monk from Wales set up a monastery at Ardmore in Co Waterford

406

The Suevs followed by the Bugundians and Alamanni fled from the advancing Rhine and entered Gaul

407

The Romans withdraw their legions from Britain

c408

Following the Roman withdrawal Irish naval forces begin raids on western Britain

410

Rome is sacked by the Vandals and the Visi-goth, latterly known as Goths under Alaric from latter day Germany

430

Ninian becomes the first known Christian missionary in Scotland.

431

Pope Celestine sends a deacon, Palladius to convert the Irish

432

St Patrick arrives in Ireland.

438

Lohaire high King of Ireland appoints nine people one of whom was Patrick to revise and transcribe the Brehon Law's into Latin.

441

Lohaire's commission presents its findings.

444

Armagh founded by St Patrick. Originally known as Ard Macha

540 A.D.

Movilla Abbey Mag Bile 'Plain of the sacred tree' was founded by Finian


Examination of tree rings suggest that this was the second coldest year since the end of the Ice Age in Ireland.

448

448 Alphin McEochaid, King of Dublin, and his subjects, were converted to the Christian faith by St. Patrick More Info.

493 17th March

Traditionally the date of St Patrick's death.

500-800

Establishment of Monasteries and Monastic art's flourish.

520

Finnian founds a monastery at Clonard Co Meath 3000 students

546

Derry founded by St Columcille.

555

St Comgall founded a monastery at Bangor Co Down.

561

Battle of Culdremna. “The Battle of the Books”

563

Columcille sails to Iona, where he Christianised Scotland and much of England.

563

The Cruthan were defeated at the battle of Moneymore (Moin Dairi Lothair) by the Ui Neill of the North.

575

The King of Dál Riata gained important support from the Uí Néill dynasty and, as a reward, he was granted the island of Iona for a new monastic foundation


Irish kings meet at Druim Cett to discuss relationship with Scotland

577'

The death of St. Brendan of Clonfert known also as 'Brendan the Navigator

579

Death of St Finian


A dispute between Columba and Comgall regarding the church of Ros-Torathair, a Bangor foundation, resulted in a battle at Coleraine between the Cruthan and the Ui Neill

584

The death of Fergus bishop of Druim Lethglassie. (Downpatrick Co Down)

589

Columbanus sets of on his great missionary journey

597

Saint Columcille dies

603

Comgall of the Cruthan died at Bangor aged ninety one.

604

April; Pope John IV sent an outspoken letter to Tommene bishop of Armagh.

612

The St. Gall's school of music was founded in Switzerland by Irish harper Cellach, from Bangor, Co. Down, his name was later latinized to Gallus or Gall.

615

Death of Columbanus

619

Monks at Nendrum Co Down build a water powered mill.

633St ,

Aidan an Irish monk founds the monastery of Lindisfarne, Northumbria

634

The "Annals of Ulster" record this was the year of the death of Ailill the harper, son of Aedh Slaine.

637

Domnall II King of Tara defeated his foster son Congall near Moira in Co Down on 24th June

C 650 to 700

The book of Durrow thought to be written in Durrow Abbey

C 650

The first biography of St. Brigit commissioned at the monastery she founded

St Brigid  on Wikipedia

663

A plague lasting for several years breaks out, killing thousands

664

At the Synod of Whitby Bishop Colman spoke on behalf of the Scots (Ulstermen) but in the end it was decided that the Celtic church should conform to the Roman celebration of Easter.


Colman the ex bishop of Lindisfarne founds a monastery on the island of Innishboffin Co Mayo

670

A severe winter is followed by a great famine

684

King Egfrith of Northumbria sends troops to raid Ireland, where his exiled brother and English refugees sought asylum, they ravage Co Meath.

C 700

The Breton laws established



703

A Church synod accepts the Roman method of dating Easter

714

The Kilnasaggart Pillar stone is carved in Co Armagh, it is the oldest dated monument in Ireland

C 725

The Ardare  Chalice was made sometime during the Viking era it was buried and was discovered in 1868 by two men digging potatoes

730

The Senchas Mor ' Great old knowledge' A complication of the Brehon Laws is written

735

Bede a Anglo Saxon monk declared that the world was a sphere. He died on 26th May this year

735

Ulstermen defeated at the hands of the Gaels (Ui Neill) at Fochairt near

737

In Terryglass Co Monaghan Aed Allen mac Fergaile and Cathal mac Finguine the most powerful rulers in the north and south of Ireland respectively, agree to settle their territorial differences. The south agrees to recognize Armagh's primacy over the Irish church.

756

It is recorded that there was a battle fought between Clonmacnoise and the inhabitants of Birr in a place called Moyne Koysse Blaie

764

Durrow monastery suffers 200 dead when it fights a pitched battle with the monks of Clonmacnoise