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The United Irishmen's Rebellion.

of 1798.


United Irishmen were members of a movement that aimed to unite Irish Protestants and Roman Catholics in an effort to make Ireland independent of Britain and establish a truly national Irish parliament. In 1791, Theobald Wolfe Tone, William Rowan Hamilton, and Napper Tandy founded the Society of United Irishmen in Belfast. In 1798, the United Irishmen rose in rebellion in parts of Leinster and in eastern Ulster.

The Catholics of County Wexford put up the strongest fight of the insurgent counties. They were led by Father John Murphy. The Presbyterians of Antrim and Down led by Henry Joy McCracken and Henry Monroe fought bravely against superior numbers, but were quickly suppressed.

The campaign was lost before it began as the English Crown had set up a net work of spies paying them vast amounts to inform against the United Irishmen, in some cases the equivalent of half a million pounds. The land agent of Lord Londonderry a man called Maclean built Stormont Castle from the proceeds of betrayal.

The French sent over an army of 1,000 men under General Humbert, their landing was delayed because of bad weather, when they eventually landed they were defeated by an English army under Lord Cornwallis at the battle of Ballinamuck in County Longford.. In 1801, the Act of Union joined the legislatures of Great Britain and Ireland.
(See Irish History)