The first act
in 1870 awarded compensation to tenants who had improved their land,
but failed to provide protection against increased rents or eviction.
The second act in 1881 introduced the so
called three F's Fair rent, fixity of tenure, and freedom of sale.
The third act of 1885 part of prime minister
William Gladstone's plans for home rule, provided five million pounds
to enable tenants to buy out their landlords.
In 1903 Wyndham's act offered inducements
to landlords to encourage them to sell.
The combined effects of the acts were by
the end of the union with Great Britain former tenants purchased
eleven million acres with loans furnished by the British government.